A key 方面 of 声音景观(声景) 研究 is the 敏感 of 大众 to their acoustic 环境 and the 教育 imperative of 协助 in the 发展 of the individual's 聆听 技巧 Soundwalks are an 方面 of this comprising 周期(时期) of 时间 when one 聆听 with greater attention than usual to one's 声音 环境 i e 声音景观(声景) Soundwalkers may even let their 耳 测定(确定) the route of the walk A soundwalker may at the same 时间 be 录音 材料 for further 使用 in 声音景观(声景) 作曲

EARS2
a walk where the participant or participants concentrate on 聆听 [paraphrase of Schafer 212–213] The 主要 goal of the 活动 is to facilitate 高度 聆听 When more than one 人 is involved 静音 is expected throughout no chatting during the walk And there is 通常 a discussion about the 声音 and the 声音漫步 at the end


Soundwalks can be 录制 and used as a 源 of 声音 or used as an inspiration for 作品



You will 学习 about soundwalks and to identify the differences between 声音 听 in different 地点 You will be encouraged to make a 声音漫步 and to 录制 the 声音 that you 听

聆听 to the 音频 clip then please select your answer below


Why Soundwalks?

In order to pay more attention to the soundscapes and 声音 环境 that 环绕 us we can go on soundwalks

These are walks in which we 聆听 out for all of the 声音 which 环绕 us They can take place within buildings or outside

Soundwalks are most 有效 when the 旅程 of the 声音漫步 passes through a 范围(排列) of different 声音 环境

They can introduce us to new 声音 and help us to train our 聆听 技巧 When 人 take part in their first 意识 soundwalks they are often surprised by how many different 声音 they are able to perceive


What do I need for a Soundwalk?
1 The first thing that you'll need is a supervisor or a couple of friends who are willing to 聆听 to 声音
◦This will keep you safe and also give you someone to talk with about the 声音 that you 听 on your walk
2 The next thing that you'll need is a route
◦Perhaps look at a map and try to chart a 旅程 that travels through a 多样性(差异) of areas but also passes through key 地点
3 Once you have your route planned then you'll be ready to set off Be sure to take any supplies with you that you might need and to be prepared for the relevant weather

重要 声音漫步 Pointers
•This should be fun
•Try to set challenges ◦For 例如 hunting out the most interesting 声音
◦Or challenging your friends to identify the 声音 that you are 听觉 You could play a game like 'Eye Spy' but adapt the rules so that they 作品 for 声音 'Ears Hear'!

•Try to minimise the amount of talking while you're on the 声音漫步 because you'll miss out on 听觉 the 声音 around you
◦BUT if you 听 some really interesting 声音 do point them out to your friends and 也许 discuss them while you're out and about
◦There is no point being out with your friends and then ignoring them! It's much more fun to make soundwalks a joint activity

OPTIONAL – You could 录制 the 声音 that you 听 on your walk using a mobile phone or a 领域(野外) 录音机 so that you can 聆听 again to them at a later date


Soundwalks and Composition

Some 作曲者 使用 soundwalks to collect new 观念 and inspiration as well as to collect 声音 录音 which they can 使用 in 作品

You might find some really great 声音 around you that can be used within a 作品 or the 声音 you find might inspire a 作品

There are so many interesting 声音 around us and with the world being such a changing place there are always new 声音 to be 已有


活动 One
Make a 音符 of the 声音 that you 听 on a 旅程 也许 on the way home or between classes what 声音 do you hear? Can you 描述 the 音高 时值 and 相对 响度 of the sounds? What about the 声音 Qualities?

[Download this CHECKLIST to help]

Copy your 音符 onto the 计算机 and upload them for other 人 to see and compare Find the description of another 声音漫步 that someone else has uploaded to the website forums N B 不 YET FUNCTIONING Can you 想像 the 声音 that they 听 from the descriptions provided? Did they 听 anything that you heard? What 声音 were 独特 to either of you?


活动 Two•Listen again to the 录制 soundscapes in the quiz above

What is it in these 声音 that allow you to 识别 the location?
Consider the 音高 时值 模式 and 声音 品质 of the 声音


Keywords
Acoustic 生态学 Contextual 聆听 环境 声音 高度 聆听 声音 源 声音 Walk